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12 juli

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2006 5:46    Onderwerp: 12 juli Reageer met quote

12 juli 1916
Erfolgreicher Vorstoß vor Verdun

39 Offiziere und 2106 Mann gefangen

Großes Hauptquartier, 12. Juli.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Die am 10. Juli nachmittags eingeleiteten Kämpfe beiderseits der Straße Bapaume-Albert- Contalmaison und am Walde von Mametz, sowie neue Gefechte im Wäldchen von Trônes und südlich davon werden mit erbitterter Heftigkeit fortgesetzt.
Südlich der Somme haben die Franzosen bei einem großangelegten Angriff auf der Front Belloy-Soyecourt eine empfindliche Schlappe erlitten, der Angriff ist in unserem Feuer vollkommen zusammengebrochen, ebenso fluteten schwächere gegen La Maisonette - Barleux angesetzte Kräfte unter großen Verlusten in die Ausgangsstellung zurück.
An mehreren Stellen der Champagnefront, so östlich und südöstlich von Reims und nordwestlich von Massiges, ferner nordwestlich von Flirey wurden französische Teilangriffe abgeschlagen.
Im Maasgebiet spielten sich links des Flusses nur kleinere Kämpfe ab. Rechts des Flusses haben wir unsere Stellungen näher an die Werke von Souville und Laufée herangeschoben und dabei 39 Offiziere, 2106 Mann zu Gefangenen gemacht. Starke Gegenangriffe wurden glatt abgewiesen.
Deutsche Unternehmungen südwestlich von Dixmuiden, südwestlich von Cerny (Aisnegebiet) und östlich von Pfettershausen hatten Erfolg.
Ein englischer Doppeldecker wurde bei Athies (südlich von Péronne) in unseren Linien zur Landung gezwungen, ein feindliches Flugzeug stürzte bei Soyecourt, eins in unserem Abwehrfeuer bei Chattancourt ab. Bei Dombasle, westlich der Maas) wurde ein Fesselballon durch unsere Flieger abgeschossen.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Ein Übergangsversuch schwächerer russischer Kräfte über die Düna westlich von Friedrichstadt und Angriffe südlich des Naroczsees wurden vereitelt. An der Stochodfront ist die Lage im allgemeinen unverändert. Russische Abteilungen, die sich bei Janowka auf dem linken Ufer festzusetzen versuchten, wurden angegriffen; kein Mann von ihnen ist auf das Südufer entkommen. Hier und an der Bahn Kowel-Rowno wurden gestern noch über 800 Mann gefangen genommen. Die Ausbeute der beiden letzten Tage am Stochod beträgt außer einer Anzahl Offiziere 1932 Mann und 12 Maschinengewehre.
Unsere Fliegergeschwader haben ihre Angriffstätigkeit östlich des Stochod fortgesetzt; ein feindlicher Fesselballon wurde abgeschossen.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Keine wesentlichen Ereignisse.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)



Westfront 1. Weltkrieg: Das zerstörte Dorf Mametz im Sommegebiet
Das zerstörte Dorf Mametz im Sommegebiet
Die Schlacht an der Somme

Großes Hauptquartier, 12. Juli.
Der Widerspruch zwischen der verblüffenden Meldung der Engländer, daß sie nun nach getaner Sturmarbeit etwas ausruhen wollten, und der Angabe unseres gestrigen Heeresberichts, daß trotzdem auf der englischen Front heftig weitergekämpft werde, findet vermutlich seine ungezwungene Erklärung darin, daß die Engländer schlechterdings nicht verschnaufen können, wenn es dem immer noch rüstigen deutschen Gegner nicht gefällt. Erst gestern trat zwischen Ancre und Somme ein gewisser Stillstand der Infanterietätigkeit auf beiden Seiten ein. Wenn die Engländer das Bedürfnis fühlen, ihre methodische Eroberung für beendet zu erklären, so werden sie Gründe für diese immerhin auffallende Ankündigung haben. Der erste und wichtigste wird wohl sein, ihre stark gelichteten und durcheinandergewürfelten Verbände neu zu ordnen und Reserven zur Ablösung heranzuziehen. Unsere Batterien lassen ihnen durchaus keine Muße bei diesem notwendigen Geschäft. Die englischen Sturmkolonnen erlitten nach Aussage der Gefangenen schon vor Beginn des eigentlichen Stürmens Verluste bis zur Hälfte ihres Bestandes durch unser Sperrfeuer. Bataillone, die dann dieses erbitterte Ringen Mann gegen Mann in Ovillers, Contalmaison oder im Walde von Trônes auszufechten hatten, dürften noch ganz andere Zahlen nennen müssen.
Der ganze Gewinn der Engländer während ihres letzten dreitägigen Vorstoßes, des wuchtigsten bisher auf ihrem kleinen Frontabschnitt, hat ihnen außer dem Dorf Contalmaison keinen Vorteil eingetragen. Wenn ein englisches Millionenheer binnen elf Tagen unter Anwendung stärkster Kampfmittel nicht mehr erreicht als fünf armselige Dörfer und dreißig bis vierzig Quadratkilometer Gelände, so ist das eigentlich überhaupt kein nennenswerter Gewinn. Wenn aber dieser kümmerliche Ertrag gar noch herhalten muß, um die Beendigung des ersten Kampfaktes zu rechtfertigen, so muß man doch sagen: die stolzen Engländer sind an der Somme recht bescheidene Leute geworden.
Während nördlich der Somme von beiden Seiten stark weitergetrommelt wird, haben die Franzosen südlich des Flusses ihre starken Angriffe gegen Barleux und bei Estrées gestern fortgesetzt. Mit besonderer Wildheit sind sie in den letzten Tagen gegen die Maisonette-Ferme angestürmt. Der stattliche Hof liegt auf dem Hügel 97, der einen guten Überblick über die sumpfige Niederung des Sommetales und bis nach Peronne hinein gewährt. Das Dorf Biaches (ein Kilometer nördlich des Hofes) die am weitesten östlich vorgetriebene Spitze der französischen Keilfront, empfindet diese beherrschende deutsche Position in der Flanke sehr unangenehm. Die Neger-Franzosen haben sich hier am 10. Juli in Massen verblutet, und auch die beiden gestrigen Stürme gegen die Höhe und Barleux brachen in sich zusammen. Ebenso scheiterte ein dritter Angriff auf das Dorf und ein weiterer südwestlich bei Estrées. Die Franzosen wollen durchaus keine Ermattung spüren lassen. Sie arbeiten mit Gas und schwerem Artilleriefeuer ausdauernd weiter.
Umso ungelegener kommt ihnen das Eingeständnis ihrer Verluste östlich der Maas. Unser letzter Vorstoß hat uns ein kräftiges Stück weit gegen die Feste Souville vorgebracht. Die Weggagebelung Fleury-Vaux neben der die St. Fine Kapelle stand, die unsere Leute die "Sinn Feiner-Kapelle" nennen, bezeichnet unsere neue Front. Starke Gegenstöße der Franzosen vorgestern nacht in der Richtung auf Vaux blieben ergebnislos. Die Lage scheint nun auch für die stolze Batterie Damloup so kritisch geworden zu sein, daß sie sich mit der deutschen Besetzung nunmehr auch offiziell einverstanden erklärt hat. 2)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Italienischer Angriff am Monte Rasta abgeschlagen

Wien, 12. Juli.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Die Lage erfuhr auch gestern keine Änderung. Auf der Höhe Hordie südöstlich von Mikuliczyn schlugen unsere Truppen sieben russische Vorstöße zurück.
Auch am unteren Stochod scheiterten abermals mehrere Angriffe des Feindes. Die am Stochod kämpfenden verbündeten Streitkräfte haben in den letzten zwei Tagen 2000 Mann und 12 Maschinengewehre eingebracht.
Bei Obertyn in Ostgalizien schoß ein österreichisch-ungarischer Flieger ein russisches Farman-Flugzeug ab.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Südöstlich des Sugana-Tales schlugen unsere Truppen gestern vormittag einen starken italienischen Angriff gegen den Monte Rasta ab. Die feindliche Infanterie, die auf kurze Entfernung liegen blieb, wurde durch unser flankierendes Artilleriefeuer gezwungen,. in den Abendstunden weiter zurückzugehen, wobei sie über 1000 Mann verlor.
An allen anderen Fronten blieb die Gefechtstätigkeit in den gewöhnlichen Grenzen.
Einer unserer Flieger belegte das Seearsenal von Spezia mit Bomben und kehrte hierauf wohlbehalten zurück.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
An der unteren Vojusa Geschützkampf.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant.

Ereignisse zur See:
Am 11. Juli früh haben drei italienische Zerstörer die Stadt Parenza aus sehr großer Entfernung kurze Zeit beschossen, zwei Privathäuser und den Turm des Landtagsgebäudes beschädigt. Sonst kein Schaden. Niemand wurde verletzt. Unsere Abwehrbatterien haben Treffer erzielt, worauf die Zerstörer sofort abfuhren. Nachmittags haben einige unserer Seeflugzeuge auf die Stadt Ravenna und die Batterien von Corsini Bomben abgeworfen und sind trotz sehr heftigen Abwehrfeuers unversehrt zurückgekehrt.

Flottenkommando. 1)


Die Erfolge des U-Boot-Krieges im Juni

Berlin, 12. Juli.
Im Monat Juni wurden 61 feindliche Handelsschiffe mit rund 101000 Bruttoregistertonnen durch Unterseeboote der Mittelmächte versenkt, oder sind durch Minen verloren gegangen. 1)


Das Tauchboot "Deutschland" ein Sieg der deutschen Technik

Berlin, 12. Juli.
In der ganzen Welt hat die Ankunft des deutschen Tauchhandelsschiffes "Deutschland" das inzwischen anscheinend von den Amerikanern auch völkerrechtlich als reines Handelsschiff anerkannt worden ist und selbstverständlich anerkannt werden mußte, Staunen und Bewunderung hervorgerufen Die neutrale Presse spricht übereinstimmend von dem großen Erfolg, den wieder einmal die deutsche Technik auszuweisen hat, und in holländischen Blättern kommt ziemlich deutlich zum Ausdruck, daß durch das Tauchhandelsschiff "Deutschland" die englische Blockade ein großes Leck bekommen hat. Reuter verbreitet ein Telegramm, das das Gespräch mit einem hohen Beamten der britischen Admiralität wiedergeben soll, wonach die Fahrt der "Deutschland" seemännisch keine Tat darstelle. Es hätten ja bereits zehn englische Tauchboote, die in Kanada erbaut worden seien, im vergangenen Sommer die Reise über den Ozean gemacht. Also, um es kurz zu sagen, der Rekord soll wieder einmal bei England sein. In Wirklichkeit liegen die Dinge ganz anders. Es ist richtig, daß im vorigen Sommer neutralitätswidrigerweise auf dem Umwege über Montreal zehn amerikanische Tauchboote nach England geliefert worden sind. Die Behauptung, diese Boote hätten eine gleichwertige Leistung vollbracht wie die "Deutschland", stimmt durchaus nicht. Die "Deutschland" hat von Bremen nach Baltimore eine Strecke zurückgelegt, ohne unterwegs irgendwo anlaufen zu können und ohne die Möglichkeit zu haben, von irgendwo unterwegs ihre Betriebsmittel zu ergänzen. Die amerikanischen Tauchboote sind damals in zwei Abteilungen gefahren, die eine direkt nach England, die andere den etwas längeren Weg nach Gibraltar. Der Weg, den die erste Gruppe zurücklegte, betrug 2500, der Weg der zweiten Gruppe 2700 Seemeilen. Das ist eine wesentlich geringere Leistung, als sie von unserer neuesten "Deutschland" vollbracht worden ist. Außerdem fuhren aber diese amerikanischen Boote gemeinsam und unter dem Schutz von Begleitschiffen. Der eine Transport war von einem englischen Kreuzer eskortiert, der andere von einem großen Transportdampfer. Beide Gruppen haben also die Möglichkeit gehabt, unterwegs Betriebsmittel aufzunehmen, und sie sind wohl auch kaum in die Lage gekommen, auch nur einen kleinen Teil der zurückgelegten Strecke unter Wasser fahren zu müssen. In technischer Hinsicht ist die Leistung der "Deutschland", die auf sich allein angewiesen war und ohne Schutzbegleitung fahren mußte, unantastbar, und auch der Einwand der Patentverletzung ist lächerlich. Der Vertreter der Lake-Co. hat im Augenblick des Eintreffens des Schiffes, als er dieses noch gar nicht gesehen hatte, die Verletzung eines Patentes behauptet. Es kann sich dabei nur um den Anspruch handeln, daß die Gesellschaft zuerst die Idee einer Verwendung von Unterseebooten zur Handelsschiffahrt gehabt habe. Selbstverständlich ist eine Idee als solche nicht patentfähig, sonst könnten ja auch die Erben von Jules Vernes mit Ansprüchen auf Entschädigung kommen. Der Vergleich zeigt die Lächerlichkeit des Auftretens der amerikanischen Gesellschaft. Es ist aber begreiflich, daß die Lake-Co. die Gelegenheit benutzen will, um für sich etwas Reklame zu machen. Das liegt der Gesellschaft an sich, und außerdem hat sie es wohl auch nötig, denn die von ihr gebauten Tauchboote sind technisch nicht auf einer allzu großen Höhe. Es ist bezeichnend, daß der amerikanische Marinesekretär Daniels in der Budget-Kommission des Repräsentantenhauses noch im Dezember 1914, als von unseren Tauchbooten schon recht erhebliche Leistungen vollbracht worden waren, erklären mußte, daß sich das seegehende Tauchboot noch im Stadium des Versuchs befinde. Und der Kommandant der amerikanischen Unterseebootsflottille, ein außerordentlich tüchtiger und sachverständiger Offizier, erklärte auf Grund seiner Erfahrungen in den Herbstmanövern 1914, daß sich von den zwölf Tauchbooten, die ihm zur Verfügung standen, nur eines als brauchbar erwiesen habe. Das zeigt am besten die Notwendigkeit, daß die Lake-Co. mit ihrer Reklame hervortritt. Aber daß die öffentliche Meinung in Amerika und auch die uns nicht gerade sehr freundliche amerikanische große Presse die Leistungen der deutschen Technik im Unterseebootsbau unumschränkt anzuerkennen bereit ist, hat sie in diesen Tagen bewiesen, und wenn es natürlich auch vielen Amerikanern unangenehm sein wird, daß Deutschland diesen Triumph errungen hat, so wird es doch wahrscheinlich viele Amerikaner geben, die sich freuen, daß wieder eine direkte Verbindung mit Deutschland hergestellt ist. 2)


Der Reichskanzler über die Aufhebung der Londoner Seerechtsdeklaration

Rotterdam. 12. Juli. (W. B.)
In einer dem Berliner Vertreter der Hearsischen Zeitungsunternehmungen W. B. Hale am 4. Juli gewährten Unterredung über die Stellung der Vereinigten Staaten zur Aufhebung der Londoner Seerechtsdeklaration durch England hat der Reichskanzler nach New Yorker Meldungen in englischen Blättern bemerkt, daß schon zu Beginn des Krieges die Engländer tatsächlich zu erkennen gegeben hätten, daß sie sich überhaupt nicht an die Bestimmungen der Londoner Seerechtsdeklaration binden wollten. Es sei bedauerlich, daß damals die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten zu erkennen gegeben habe, daß sie es bei der Ablehnung Englands bewenden lassen wolle. Wären die Vereinigten Staaten damals für die Wahrung der Rechte der Neutralen eingetreten, so wären ihnen die meisten Kränkungen und Verletzungen ihrer Interessen erspart geblieben. Jetzt, wo die Engländer offenkundig jede Rücksicht auf die Rechte neutraler Staaten beiseite gesetzt hätten, würden vielleicht die Augen mancher geöffnet werden.
Der Reichskanzler habe dann die Fragen gestellt, wie lange wohl die neutralen Staaten die Tyrannenpolizei Englands auf dem Meere dulden wollten. Für den neutralen Handel sei wohl wenig Hoffnung vorhanden, in diesem Kriege in den Vereinigten Staaten einen Vorkämpfer zu finden. Vielleicht würde aber durch die Unabhängigkeitserklärung der Vereinigten Staaten von der englischen Vorherrschaft dem Volke der Vereinigten Staaten ein Beispiel für ein kühnes und würdiges Auftreten gegenüber England sein. 2)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2006 5:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915 Allied attack on Achi Baba

On July 12, 1915, Allied forces make a sixth and final attempt to capture Achi Baba, a prominent hill position featuring a commanding view of Cape Helles, on the Gallipoli Peninsula, from its Turkish defenders.

Though many modern-day historians have questioned the actual strategic importance of the hill in the grand scheme of the Gallipoli invasion, Achi Baba was seen by the Allied command at the time as a crucial objective in their struggle against the Ottoman Empire’s forces and their German allies. Because of this, Sir Ian Hamilton, chief commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, had set the capture of Achi Baba as a priority from the first day of the Allied land invasion, on April 25, 1915. In addition to the disorderly landing itself, three separate unsuccessful attempts had been made to capture the heights, as well as the nearby village of Krithia, by that June. On June 28, another attempt met with similar failure, at the cost of heavy Allied casualties, in the Battle of Gulley Ravine.

The attack of July 12 began after the arrival of Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston, a regional commander sent from the Western Front to aid Hamilton on the front lines in Gallipoli, along with an additional division of Allied forces. Yet again, the Allies were unsuccessful, gaining a total of only 350 yards over two days of heavy fighting before Hunter-Weston called off the attacks. The Allied casualty figure—4,000 dead or wounded—was lower than the Turkish one—some 10,000 men, but Achi Baba remained in Turkish hands. From then on, the bulk of Allied operations in Gallipoli were focused further north, around the so-called Anzac Cove (named for the Australia and New Zealand Army Corps) and Suvla Bay.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2010 17:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote



Achi Baba soon became a symbol for the Allied forces in the Helles sector. Although it had to be captured the first day and was the objective for the three successive 'battles of Krithia', this not even so impressive hill was never taken during the campaign. On the contrary, both the English and the French were well aware of the fact that from its top and slopes, they were under constant observation from the Turks. And what was worse, under fire from the Turkish artillery that had been assembled there. As long as the round top and the two distictive shoulders kept looming over the horizon, it was a constant reminder of the campaign's failure so far.
In the picture, which was taken from the south-west slope of the hill, one can see the entire Helles sector unfold in a big panorama. at the left hand side the entrance to the Dardanelles can clearly be seen, with the Turkish monument on the extreme south tip of the peninsula. In the middle of the picture is the higher ground behind W Beach. The village of Alçi Tepe (Krithia) is just outside the picture on the right.

http://user.online.be/~snelders/turks.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2012 11:18    Onderwerp: On This Day - 12 July 1916 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 12 July 1916

Western Front

British gain Mametz Wood and make progress in Trones Wood.

Successful raids in Loos salient.

Germans attack strongly at Verdun; gain some ground at Chapelle St. Fine, at intersection of Fleury-Vaux roads.

Eastern Front

Furious fighting continues on the Stokhod, with no decisive results.

Southern Front

An Austrian attack on the Adige driven back.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Russians under General Yudenich advance west of Erzerum on the Erzingan road and recapture Mamakhatun.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2012 11:21    Onderwerp: On This Day - 12 July 1917 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 12 July 1917


Western Front

British air raid into Belgium.

Eastern Front

Russian progress towards Dolina (Galicia).

General Kornilov crosses the Lomnica river.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Announced that Turks have been routed by King of Hejaz in northern Arabia, 700 killed, 600 prisoners.

Political, etc.

Mesopotamia Debate: Mr. A. Chamberlain, Secretary of State for India, resigns.

Chinese Republicans enter Pekin; Tuan Chi Jui, P.M.; Fen Kwo Chang, President.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2012 11:23    Onderwerp: On This Day - 12 July 1918 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 12 July 1918

Eastern Front

Announcement of Allied force on Murman coast.

Czecho-Slovaks capture Kazan (on River Volga); Czecho-Slovaks control Siberian Railway east of Penza.

Southern Front

French advance on both sides of River Devoli (southern Albania); Austrians retreat.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Japanese battleship "Kawachi" blown up and sunk in Tokuyama Bay, 500 casualties.

Political, etc.

Count Hertling in Reichstag on Belgium as a pawn.

Prussian Upper House expels Prince Lichnowsky.

Mr. Huges (Australian Premier) re: Pacific islands.

Denaturalisation Bill passes first and second reading in House of Commons.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Jul 2012 8:01    Onderwerp: Gallipoli Reageer met quote

Gallipoli - Operations 12th - 18th July 1915


GALLIPOLI (contd.)—OPERATIONS 12th-18th JULY, 1915.

In the afternoon of July 11th the firing and support lines were cleared for another bombardment, and later we were relieved by the 7th H.L.I., who took over our right sector, and the 5th Argylls who took over our left. Enemy artillery gave us unpleasant attention, causing some casualties before we had installed ourselves in reserve trenches immediately behind.

In accordance with orders for the battle which was to be fought the next day, "A" Company was moved into Plymouth Avenue in support of the 6th H.L.I. on the extreme left.

There were to be two attacks against strong Turkish positions which had already defied capture; the first in the morning by the 155th (South Scottish) Brigade, from the right of the sector of trenches held by the Lowland Division; the second in the afternoon by our own Brigade. French troops were to push forward simultaneously with the first attack. The 156th Brigade—Royal Scots and Scottish Rifles, who had been so badly cut up in the attack of 28th June—was to be Divisional Reserve.

Both attacks were to be preceded by a bombardment, and in each case three lines of trenches were to be captured and the furthest line held.

Fortunately the eve of the battle was quiet, and the exhausting ration, water and ammunition fatigues, which only those can appreciate who have taken part in such preparations, were pushed through in the dark without serious interruption from the enemy. At length it dawned and the sun rose in a cloudless sky.

It is well-nigh impossible for one who has played but a small part in a big engagement to give a coherent description of the whole. He can tell only of such happenings as came under his own observation. Of the broader issues and general trend of the action, as well as of the minor local incidents away from his own little corner of the field, he can but repeat what he has learned from others, reconciling as best he can the conflicting versions of the same episode as it is narrated by those who have seen it from different points of view or taken part in it.

The preliminary bombardment of the enemy's lines commenced punctually at 4.30 a.m. The Turkish guns replied almost at once, and the volume of fire on both sides rapidly increased until the din and vibration became almost unendurable. From our Headquarters at the junction of Oxford Street and the Old French Road little could be seen of what was going on. Our artillery was mainly concentrated on the trenches away on the right which were to be assaulted by the 155th Brigade, only a few guns being directed at the position on our immediate front; its turn was to come later.

At 7.30 our artillery fire ceased with startling suddenness. The hour for the attack had arrived, and the guns were now to be switched on to the Turkish artillery and reserves to prevent these giving any effective assistance to the troops defending the trenches. A minute or two later distant cheering and the sharp rattle of musketry were heard mingling with the roar of the Turkish guns. The 155th had gone in.

An hour or two elapsed before any news of their fortunes reached us; an hour or two during which the guns thundered almost as vigorously as ever and the rifle-fire came and went in bursts. Then things began to quieten down and tidings sped along the lines that the attack had succeeded: the French had gained some ground on their extreme right, and the 155th had secured their objective.

Soon, however, this good news was robbed of some of its gladness by a rumour that at least one of the K.O.S.B. battalions had been badly cut up—that they had gone too far and had been unable to return; what had become of them no one seemed to know. It was several days before we heard what had actually happened. The 4th K.O.S.B. had been ordered to take three lines of trenches which were shown on the maps issued for the attack. Two lines were rushed without much difficulty; but there was no third line to take!—at least not where the third line appeared on the maps. The map had been prepared from photographs taken from aeroplanes, and in these photographs there appeared as a trench what proved to be, in reality, only a shallow ditch or sunken pathway. Photography, we are told, cannot lie; evidently it may at times mislead.

When the attacking battalion reached this ditch they did not recognise it as their furthest objective and went right on, seeking the non-existent third trench, until they came into the area which the French artillery were shelling to prevent the forward movement of the Turkish reserves. It was long hours before they were able to fall back on the captured trenches, and then only after terrible losses.

Towards 2.30 p.m. a message reached us that the attack by our Brigade might be delivered earlier than the appointed time and that we were to be prepared to move. Orders had previously been received that companies were not to go into action with more than four officers and that each was to leave twenty-five men with Battalion Headquarters.

The artillery preparation for the afternoon attack was a repetition of the morning bombardment, but as fire was now almost entirely concentrated on the trenches in front of our Brigade, we were able to form a better conception of its effects. The destruction was enormous. Parapets and trenches were scattered in clouds of dust which soon became so dense as to blot out the entire landscape from our sight. The impression was that of a huge black cloud resting on the ground, a cloud incessantly rent and illumined by the red flashes of the bursting shells. Nothing, it seemed, could live under such smashing fire. In actual fact, as we saw for ourselves after the position had been taken, the enemy's casualties from it were appalling. The morale of the survivors must have been terribly shaken. The marvel is that, after such an experience, they were able to put up so stout a resistance as they did at many points.

The attack of the 157th Brigade was launched about 5 p.m. Over the parapet of Oxford Street we watched the 6th H.L.I. advancing in successive lines on our left flank. Nothing could have been finer than the steadiness with which line after line pushed on through the enemy's bursting shrapnel, until each in turn was hidden from view in the inferno of smoke and dust which screened the trenches.

Meanwhile the 5th A. & S.H. and the 7th H.L.I. were pressing forward on our front and right respectively, but of their movements practically nothing could be observed by us. "C" Company moved up into Trotman Road as soon as the attack had passed clear of it and—as we learned by a message from Major Downie received two hours later—half of "A" Company had been advanced into Nelson Avenue in close support of the 6th H.L.I.

At 6.20 a message arrived from the Brigade that the 7th H.L.I. had secured their objective and that we were to send fifty men with picks and shovels to assist in consolidating their front line. These we supplied from "D" Company in reserve, with instructions to get the tools from "B" and "C" Companies as they passed through.

After 7 a further order was received to send at once a fatigue party of twenty-five, with tools, to Brigade Headquarters at Port Arthur. Lieut. J.F.C. Clark was despatched on this duty with the twenty-five men left behind by "C" Company. A few minutes later another message arrived, with instructions for "C" Company to move forward and support the 7th H.L.I., whose firing line required reinforcement. This was passed to Captain Neilson. On taking his company forward he found the front trench already so crowded that only a few of his men could be got into it, and he withdrew the remainder again to the support trenches, leaving Captain Brand with one platoon to assist the 7th.

Shortly after 7.30 an officer of the 6th H.L.I. brought a message from the Brigade Major (Major E. Armstrong, H.L.I.) asking us to send a party to take over a number of prisoners from the 7th H.L.I.

Sec.-Lieut. R.E. May was despatched on this duty with the twenty-five men left at Headquarters by "B" Company. We never saw him again. With the two or three leading men he got separated from the remainder of his party in the confusion which prevailed after nightfall in the maze of trenches in front. In his search for them he came upon a small trench held by a mixed party of units of the 155th Brigade. A strong counter-attack was developed against this trench. With the few men he had he took an active part in driving back the enemy but was killed as the attack was finally repelled, and buried where he fell.

Until far into the night every available officer and man left at Battalion Headquarters was kept hard at it bringing ammunition, stores and rations from the Brigade dump at Backhouse Post up to the firing line. The work was exhausting but the men, recognising its vital importance, laboured willingly. When finally we did get settled down for a few hours sleep, it was with the pleasing consciousness that in this, our first big engagement, if the fates had afforded us no opportunity of gaining special distinction, we had at least put in much useful work and contributed indirectly to the success of our comrades' efforts. But in the meantime, although it was not until the following day that any news of it reached us, "A" Company had had an innings and had played the game in a way that must ever be recalled in the Battalion with pride.

It will be remembered that this company had been sent to support the 6th H.L.I. That battalion's task was to seize the Turkish trenches on the west bank of the Achi Baba nullah—trenches officially designated F11, F12 and F12A. Our capture of these would protect the left flank of the E trenches—the objective of the remainder of the attack—which would otherwise be left very open to counter-attack from the west of the nullah. Branching off from F12A, and running back in a long curve into the enemy's next line of defence, was a trench known as F13. It was necessary, if F12A was to be held by us, that the southmost stretch of F13 should be cleared of the enemy.

F11, the portion of F12 running eastwards from F12A down to the nullah, and F12A itself were captured in rapid succession by the 6th H.L.I. For about 100 yards to the east of F12A, F12 had been so knocked about by our artillery that it was no longer a trench—merely an irregular series of shell craters—and it was completely evacuated by the enemy.

But when they had secured F12A the 6th found their impetus exhausted. It is no discredit to them that this was so, for of the three Battalions launched to the attack they had the worst ground to traverse and the heaviest fire to face.

"A" Company during the earlier stage of the attack had been pushed forward, in close support, to a small work known as the Lunette near the head of Nelson and Plymouth Avenues.

About six o'clock, finding that his own battalion had as much as it could do in holding and consolidating F12A, Major Anderson, who was temporarily in command of the 6th, ordered "A" Company to move forward and take F13. On receiving this order Major Downie led Nos. 3 and 4 platoons over the parapet, the right half-company under Captain Morton following them at a short interval. Their route led along the lower end of F12A, which had been almost pounded out of existence by our high explosives. There were several casualties while traversing this zone, including Major Downie himself who received a severe bullet wound in the head.

Reaching F13 the company drove the enemy a considerable distance up the trench until checked at a point 70 or 80 yards beyond its junction with F12A. Here the Turks, possibly reinforced, made a determined stand behind a traverse or interior work of some kind and a comparative deadlock ensued, both sides maintaining a heavy fire at a distance of less than 30 yards, but neither being able to gain any ground.

At this stage, through some misunderstanding, two machine guns arrived from another unit in response to a verbal message passed back through the crowded trenches asking for "a machine gun in a hurry."

The enemy had all along been using grenades freely, and very soon after the arrival of the machine guns a vigorous counter-attack was pushed against our narrow front under cover of a perfect hail of bombs. Sec.-Lieut. J.W. Malcolm, who was with our most advanced party and had been handling his men coolly and steadying them by a splendid example of courage and endurance, was killed.

Simultaneously with his fall one of the machine guns was disabled and put out of action. The men, deprived of their leader, gave back about 20 yards, leaving the machine gun behind, while the Turks pushed on still under cover of a storm of bombs, to which our men could not reply as they had not been issued with grenades.

For a time the situation was critical. It looked as if "A" Company were to be driven back and the trench lost. But they soon steadied down to hold on. The Turkish grenade had a fuse which burns for 8 to 10 seconds; it therefore rarely explodes until some seconds after it has fallen. Recognising this, some of our bolder spirits began to pick up and throw back the enemy's grenades. Pte. J. Melrose and Corporal A.R. Kelly were amongst the first to attempt this and their example was quickly followed by others. It was a deadly dangerous game, for it was impossible to tell how long any fuse had still to burn and the grenade might explode at any moment, but though several men were killed and wounded in this way, the survivors persisted bravely and the Turkish advance was effectually checked. Their bombing slackened off gradually and it became possible to hold on until the R.E. came up and erected a barricade across the trench.

While this was transpiring word of the loss of the machine-guns had gone back. Captain Morton heard of the incident and decided to make an effort to recover them. Having collected a small party of six or eight volunteers, he climbed out of the trench and worked his way along the open ground beside it, making a slight detour apparently with the intention of rushing the guns from the flank. Dusk was now turning to darkness and those who were in the trench were unable to see what actually happened. The little party evidently came under heavy fire before they were in a position to make the rush. One or two got back unhurt; one (Private Cleugh) mortally wounded, staggered into the trench just in front of the barricade which was being erected, and was brought in only to die; of Captain Morton and the others nothing more was seen. One can only hope that their deaths came quickly and that they were mercifully spared the lingering torture of waiting wounded for succour which could not be rendered. It was a splendid plucky effort, which might well have succeeded, and, though it did not succeed, it at least failed gloriously.

Lieuts. W. Beckett and L.G. Aitken with the sadly diminished company held on grimly, and Corpl. C. M'Intosh, who was blinded by a bomb which exploded in his hand, Corpl. R. Holman, Lance-Corpl. W. Miller, Pte. G.B. Langland, who was severely wounded, and Pte. (afterwards Sergt.) A. Paterson specially distinguished themselves. At 1.30 next morning the Company was relieved by the Plymouth R.M.L.I. Before dawn an alarm summoned them to the front again, but nothing untoward happened.

On the morning of 13th July a curious incident happened among certain troops in the firing line. The trouble began, as it so often does, with an indiscreet verbal message. One of the front trenches was over-crowded and the officer in charge wished to relieve the congestion by sending back a section. Without thinking of possible consequences he passed along a message for No. —— Section to retire, and, as this order was not complied with as rapidly as he expected, followed it up with a more peremptory message that the section was to retire at once. Scarcely ever does the simplest verbal message passed along a line of men reach its intended recipient in the form in which it was despatched. The result is sometimes puzzling, sometimes amusing; on this occasion it was nearly tragic, as part of the firing line was left untenanted.

Captain John MacDonald, who had "B" Company in Parsons Road as Permanent Garrison, as soon as he became aware of what was happening telephoned back for instructions. His message was somehow delayed, and receiving no reply to it he took the responsibility of acting on his own initiative. Though the Permanent Garrison was detailed in orders to remain in Parsons Road, he pushed forward at once with his company and occupied the abandoned trenches before the enemy had time to make any move to secure them. This saved the situation.

Early in the forenoon vague and conflicting rumours began to come in about "A" Company and the losses it had sustained. As we were anxious to get definite particulars of what really had happened and as to where the company now was and how it was faring, Major Jowitt set out to find it and obtain the desired information. He had not been long gone when a message arrived from Lieut. Beckett giving particulars of the losses. The hours slipped past without any word from Major Jowitt and we began to fear that some mischance had befallen him. At last, towards three o'clock, word came from the 7th H.L.I. that he was lying wounded in a trench known as E12A a short distance in front of the Horse Shoe. On further enquiry we learned that his wounds did not appear to be serious, but that it would not be possible to get him out of the trench until after dark as all approaches to it were being heavily sniped. Colonel Galbraith, who had found him wounded, had made him as comfortable as was possible in the circumstances, and one of our own men, having heard where he was, had gone up to the trench to remain with him until he could be removed. As soon as it was dark enough to cross the intervening ground, Captains Simson and Neilson with our medical officer, Captain Kennedy, and a stretcher party went up and brought him down to a dressing station, where his wounds were attended to and he was sent down to an hospital ship. The report was that his wounds were not serious, although he was naturally in considerable pain after lying so long in the sun and after his trying passage down from the front through narrow and winding trenches.

At a conference of C.O.'s held at Brigade Headquarters at 3.40, we were informed that a battalion of the Royal Naval Division was arriving to deliver an attack on the right of the 155th Brigade with the object of securing some gaps in the line between that Brigade and the French. This was preceded, at 4.30, by the usual bombardment. There would appear to have been some ghastly blundering in connection with the arrangements for this attack. We heard afterwards that the battalion was quite ignorant of the ground; that it only arrived a few minutes before the attack was timed to commence; and that it had difficulty in finding the trench from which it was to move on its objective. There must have been similar uncertainty about the objective itself, for the troops advanced across the open, suffering severely from shell-fire, into a trench already held by the 155th Brigade, a trench which—had they known it was so held—they might have walked into by a communication sap with little if any loss. Afterwards they pushed on some distance beyond this trench but found no other to take, and when they fell back on the existing front line the position remained exactly as it had been before the attack, except for the terrible casualties they had so unnecessarily sustained. In his published despatch, Sir Ian Hamilton, referring to this attack, explains its necessity by stating that "about 7.30 a.m. the right of the 157th Brigade gave way before a party of bombers, and our grip upon the enemy began to weaken." He must have been entirely misinformed as to the position, unless the "giving way" to which he refers was the mistaken retirement from the trench which Captain John MacDonald had occupied, as previously narrated. If this is so, the officer who issued the orders to the Naval Battalion cannot have been informed that the "giving way" was only temporary and that the 157th Brigade had almost immediately reoccupied its trenches and was actually holding them when this unfortunate attack was launched.

About four o'clock we received the bad news that Captain John MacDonald had been killed—shot through the head by a sniper's bullet—in the front trench which his company was still assisting to hold. This brought the total of our officers' casualties in the two days' fighting to seven; three killed (Captain MacDonald and Lieutenants Malcolm and May) one missing (Captain Morton), and three wounded (Majors Jowitt and Downie and Lieutenant J.G. Milne).

For two days after the battle all units were kept busy gathering up the arms, equipment and loose ammunition with which the terrain was littered, as well as maintaining the defence of the captured positions.

On the afternoon of July 15th, "C" and "D" Companies took over the trenches on the west of the Achi Baba nullah from the Plymouth Battalion, while "A" Company relieved part of the Drake Battalion and the 6th H.L.I. on the east of the nullah. This relief had to be carried out after nightfall, as the position was as yet unsafe from Turkish marksmen who sniped the approaches by day. The sector included the famous Horse Shoe Trench which was then a death trap, although, after much labour had been expended upon it, it was latterly known as the safest position on the Peninsula.

That first night was an eerie one for "A" Company, and for our Signalling Officer, Captain R.H. Morrison, who had to link up Battalion Headquarters in Wigan Road with the isolated company. Selecting a quiet interval about 11 p.m. he slipped out from F12 with a couple of his Headquarters signallers to run the line across. Working over almost unknown ground, with only a general idea of the direction and position of the enemy, their worst anxiety was lest in the dark they should lead their wire into a Turkish trench instead of the Horse Shoe. A few bullets were sweeping down the nullah as they crossed, but fortunately none of the little party was hit. Breasting the slope on the further side they eventually landed safely in the Horse Shoe, much to the surprise of the sentries there. It did not take long to instal the instrument, and, leaving one of the signallers in charge of the new station, the party retraced its steps and got back to Headquarters shortly before midnight to report communication established.

On the 16th we took over from the Manchester a small stretch of trenches on our left, and "C" Company salved fifteen asphyxiating bombs from a pent-house in one of the nullah trenches. A captured Turkish officer, evidently disapproving of these innovations by his German masters, had given information as to where they would be found. Packed in two cases marked RAKATEN, they were long, slender, uncanny-looking projectiles evidently intended for discharge from a trench-mortar.

For the next two days and nights we laboured almost unceasingly, dog-tired and hardly able to keep awake, improving our defences.

The R.E. wired our front across the nullah, and we ourselves extended F12A and F12 down to the bed of the stream as a first step towards joining up with the Horse Shoe.

Over forty Turks were buried at this time between F11 and F12. F11 itself was so densely packed with corpses that it had to be filled in.

After dark on the 17th, "B" Company, now commanded by Lieut. N.R. Campbell, relieved "A" in the Horse Shoe. "A" had several casualties during its tour of duty there, some men having been hit in the trench itself, others while going back for water.

On the west side of the nullah Pte. A. Heron was killed, and the bombers holding the barricade which had been thrown up on the 12th had casualties also. Our snipers gave a good account of themselves, one having seven observed hits to his credit and another five on the same day. There was a well about 400 yards off, round which occasional parties of Turks could be easily observed until they realised that the recent advance had exposed the place to our view.

On July 18th, "A," "C," and "D" Companies were relieved by the 6th East Lancs, and painfully dragged their weary way back to rest. The journey of less than three miles took us fully four hours, for we were all pretty well played out after nine such days and nights as we had just come through, and the scorching heat necessitated many a halt by the way. How we revelled in that drink as we paused at Romano's Well!—the only spot on the Peninsula where we could get a draught of real, cold, unchlorinated water!

About 6 p.m. we reached our destination, a series of holes in the ground lying between the Pink Farm Road and "X" Beach, and about a mile behind the Farm itself. The Quarter-Master, Lieut. T. Clark, and his satellites had a good meal of hot stew and potatoes ready for us, and lots of tea, after which we stretched our blankets on the ground, lay down and fell asleep.

It was not till 5.30 next morning that "B" Company rolled up, absolutely "cooked." They had not been relieved until 2.30 a.m., the Lancashires not having considered it safe to move up their company until a communication trench, on which we had been working for some days, had been completed.


http://www.bigenealogy.com/5thbattalion/operations_12_18_july_1915.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2018 9:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

July Crisis

The July Crisis was a series of interrelated diplomatic and military escalations among the major powers of Europe in the summer of 1914 that was the penultimate cause of World War I.

(...)It took the week of 7–14 July to persuade Tisza to support war. On 9 July, Prince Lichnowsky, the German Ambassador in London was told by British Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey that he "saw no reason for taking a pessimistic view of the situation". Despite Tisza's opposition, Berchtold had ordered his officials to start drafting an ultimatum to Serbia on 10 July. The German Ambassador reported that "Count Berchtold appeared to hope that Serbia would not agree to the Austro-Hungarian demands, as a mere diplomatic victory would put the country here again in a stagnant mood". Count Hoyos told a German diplomat "that the demands were really of such a nature that no nation that still possessed self-respect and dignity could possibly accept them".

On 11 July, Tschirschky reported to Jagow that he "again took the occasion to discuss with Berchtold what action was to be taken against Serbia, chiefly in order to assure the minister once again, emphatically that speedy action was called for". On the same day, the German Foreign Office wanted to know if they should send a telegram congratulating King Peter of Serbia on his birthday. Wilhelm replied that not doing so might attract attention. On 12 July, Szögyény reported from Berlin that everyone in the German government wanted to see Austria-Hungary declare war on Serbia at once, and were tired of Austrian indecision about whether to choose war or peace.

On 12 July, Berchtold showed Tschirschky the contents of his ultimatum containing "unacceptable demands", and promised to present it to the Serbs after the Franco-Russian summit between President Poincaré and Nicholas II was over. Wilhelm wrote on the margins of Tschirschky's dispatch "What a pity!" that the ultimatum would be presented so late in July. By 14 July, Tisza agreed to support war out of fear that a policy of peace would lead to Germany renouncing the Dual Alliance of 1879. On that day, Tschirschky reported to Berlin that Austria-Hungary would present an ultimatum "which would almost certainly be rejected and should result in war". That same day, Jagow sent instructions to Prince Lichnowsky, the German Ambassador in London, stating Germany had decided to do everything within its power to cause an Austro-Serbian war, but Germany must avoid the impression "that we were egging Austria on to war".

Jagow described a war against Serbia as Austria-Hungary's last chance at "political rehabilitation". He stated that under no circumstances did he want a peaceful solution, and though he did not want a preventive war, he would not "jib at the post" if such a war came because Germany was ready for it, and Russia "fundamentally was not". Russia and Germany being destined to fight each other, Jagow believed that now was the best time for the inevitable war, because: "in a few years Russia ... will be ready. Then she will crush us on land by weight of numbers, and she will have her Baltic Fleet and her strategic railroads ready. Our group meanwhile is getting weaker".

Jagow's belief that the summer of 1914 was the best time for Germany to go to war was widely shared in the German government. Many German officials believed that the "Teuton race" and "Slav race" were destined to fight each other in a terrible "race war" for the domination of Europe, and that now was the best time for such a war to come. The Chief of the German General Staff, Moltke, told Count Lerchenfeld, the Bavarian Minister in Berlin, that "a moment so favourable from the military point of view might never occur again". Moltke argued that due to the alleged superiority of German weaponry and training, combined with the recent change in the French Army from a two-year to a three-year period of service, Germany could easily defeat both France and Russia in 1914. (...)

Lees het hele artikel op https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_Crisis
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2018 9:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

12 July 1914 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: Battle of Flowers and ‘wild women’

The Battle of Flowers’ Committee have met this week to finalise arrangements for this year’s parade. After receiving reports from the various sub-committees, it seems that preparations are well in hand. Hopes are high that the planned introduction of an evening fête will prove popular with Islanders and visitors.

Despite the setback of St Clement deciding to not enter a float this year, other parishes and important contributors will be strongly present as usual. Among the confirmed sponsors are the Jersey Chamber of Commerce and the Jersey Gas Light Company. To attract more overseas visitors next year, the Committee has arranged for Messrs Pathé Freres to film the parade and to distribute the results for viewing world-wide.

Tickets are now available from Beresford Street Library, with prices from one to five shillings per seat.

In contrast to the anticipated smooth running of this local event, comes news that at Buckingham Palace precautions are being taken to prevent a planned event there being disrupted by so-called ‘wild women’. This follows the release from prison of militant Suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst, and concerns that she may attempt some form of protest at the Palace.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/12-july-1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2018 9:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gunshots in Derry mark July Twelfth celebrations
Published: 12 July 1914

Derry was filled with the sound of gunfire and the letting off of explosives tonight as celebrations of The Twelfth continued.

Similar scenes were witnessed in Belfast where the York Street area also saw guns being discharged and processions pass through the city. A procession from Belfast to Drumbeg was reported to have drawn more than 100,000 people earlier today and was said to have been characterised by the indiscriminate use of firearms. The procession was headed by Sir Edward Carson.

Carson is currently in Ulster to participate in the celebrations and will also inspect the Central Antrim Regiment of the Ulster Volunter Force.

https://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/gunshots-in-derry-to-celebrate-the-twelfth-in-derry
Zie ook hier: http://historyhub.ie/wp-content/files_mf/1405169695FTAJuly2014_full.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2018 9:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The first page of the edition of the Domenica del Corriere, an Italian paper...

... with a drawing of Achille Beltrame depicting Gavrilo Princip killing Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo. Date: 12 July 1914.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DC-1914-27-d-Sarajevo.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2018 9:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Dardanelles, 12th July 1915, from the 1/5th KOSB perspective

Unfortunately for the 52nd (Lowland) Division, one final attempt was made to breakthrough at Helles. The plan for the 12th July was to attack towards Krithia along Achi Baba Nullah (dry river bed). One brigade (155th Bde., including 1/5th KOSB) would attack in the morning and the other (157th) in the afternoon, so that the full weight of artillery support could be lent to each brigade.

On the 11th July 1/5th Bn. KOSB moved into their allotted attack positions and at 7.35am the following morning four ‘waves’ charged simultaneously. The first two waves were made up of the 1/4th KOSB and the third and fourth by the 1/5th KOSB, all having to negotiate very difficult terrain. Lt.-Col. William J. Millar described the attack in the Battalion war diary:

“Within 150 yards the charge became a walk but there was no wavering. The 1/4th R.S.F. and the French failed to advance beyond the line of the 1st Turkish trench. Hence the 1/4th K.O.S.B. was absolutely in the air, as also was the right of my leading (the third) wave. The first two waves (1/4th K.O.S.B.) failed to find any trace of the objective assigned to them…A certain number returned on my right but about 300 officers and men are still missing and unaccounted for.”

The diary continues:

“The 3rd wave was gradually bombed towards our left until a party of about 40 men under Lieut. Douglas was left. In spite of all efforts to dislodge him, Lieut. Douglas held on until reinforced, when the line was made good. The 1st Turkish trench was captured at once, consolidated and held.”

1/5th KOSB casualties:

Killed in action – 4 officers, 55 ORs

Missing presumed dead – 21 ORs

Died of wounds – 2 officers

Wounded – 5 officers, 183 ORs (...)

En als aanvulling op de gegevens hierboven:

A Hawick veteran, Nichol Robertson of the 1/4th KOSB found himself well forward during the charge of the 12th July:

‘And of course the Turks could concentrate everything they had on one small sector, course so could we but you see the Turks were on the defensive and we just got everything they could possibly lay in to us. And then as far as we were concerned we were to take three lines of trenches, well, when we got over the first, there was another practically obliterated, and there was no such thing as the third line and when we got right out in the open, we were outflanked on either side and when we turned to come back, we came into our own artillery fire as well as the Turk’s. Some of us had pieces of biscuit tin on our backs and of course, when we turned that flashed in the direction of the Turks and we just got it.'

https://www.greatwarforum.org/topic/35076-12th-july-1915-gallipoli/
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